What is a civil engineering degree

What is a civil engineering degree?

Civil engineering is a field of science, technology and engineering that focuses on designing and building large construction projects such as buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels and water systems.

It draws heavily on math and physics, but design and economics are also important areas of study. It is a highly diverse field that encompasses many sub-specialties.


As a structural engineer, your job is to design structures that can support their own weight and are safe even during extraordinary events like hurricanes, earthquakes, and blizzards. You develop and use knowledge of the properties and behaviors of steel, concrete, aluminum, timber, and plastic as well as new and exotic materials.

You also analyze blueprints to determine water flow rates and material stress factors, estimate material costs, and conduct safety studies. You work with designers to create buildings, bridges, and other structures that can withstand a wide variety of forces and are cost-effective to build.

Structural engineering is the branch of civil engineering that focuses on the structural design of buildings, roads, bridges, and other structures. It is an important and growing field that requires specialized expertise.

Using structural engineering principles, you analyze blueprints and design a structure that can withstand its own weight, as well as loads from other parts of the building. This includes the lateral forces that come from earthquakes, wind, and ocean waves.

As you pursue a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, you will learn about the various aspects of structural design. You will study the different kinds of structural members that are used in a structure, including beams, columns, and slabs.

You will also study the effects of forces and stresses on structures, such as compression, tension, and shear. You will learn about materials’ plasticity, and how to determine if a material can be deformed if it goes beyond its limits.

This is a hands-on course, and you’ll build scale physical models to practice your skills. You’ll also learn how to graphically present your ideas and conduct computer modeling using industry-standard software.

Structural engineering is an important field in the field of civil engineering, and it is a great way to gain a career. You can work in construction, infrastructure development, consulting, or planning. You can also apply for certification as a structural engineer, which can open up a variety of career opportunities.


The environment is a major concern for civil engineers, as it is a critical factor in the safety of people and their property. They are responsible for designing systems that provide safe drinking water, collect and treat wastewater and manage solid wastes. Environmental engineering also deals with air pollution control, hazardous-waste management and the treatment of soils.

There are a wide variety of jobs in the field, with opportunities for professional growth and advancement. Some examples include environmental engineer, environmental health officer and industrial hygienist.

A degree in civil engineering will give you a broad base of knowledge in all areas of the field, from transportation and structures to geotechnical and water resources engineering. You can specialize in one of these areas, or choose a general concentration to gain a well-rounded education and to maximize your career potential.

When choosing a major, you need to take into account your personal interests and the challenges of the job market. The most important thing is to have an open mind, because there are plenty of career paths within the field that are suitable for different skill sets and experience levels.

You will develop your skills in a range of disciplines, including hydraulics, mechanics, materials science and statistical analysis. You will learn how to use computer-aided design and project work to solve real-world problems.

With an eye on the future, you will explore the challenges of climate change and sustainable development, and you’ll gain a vision for a more environmentally sustainable world. You’ll also gain a solid understanding of the human aspect of engineering, so you’ll have a better appreciation for the impact of your design on the people and the world around you.

As a result, you’ll be able to identify how your design can best help the planet. You’ll be able to apply your newfound knowledge to projects ranging from sustainable construction and renewable energy to intelligent transportation systems and high-performance and novel materials characterization.

You’ll have access to a variety of research facilities and you will be encouraged to take part in extracurricular activities and internships. You’ll also be able to attend the annual CEE Career Fair where you can meet with industry professionals.


A civil engineering degree is a great option for those who want to work in the field of transportation. This is because this area of the industry focuses on the safe and efficient movement of people and goods.

The main goal of transportation engineers is to develop solutions that provide better access to opportunities while reducing costs and harm to the environment. This includes working on a variety of projects including roads, waterways and railways.

These professionals are responsible for ensuring that the system they create is safe and compliant with the latest safety standards. They often work in leadership positions, overseeing the work of less experienced engineers and guiding them through the engineering process.

Transportation engineers must possess an analytical acumen to interpret data and make informed decisions about the future of a particular project. They also need a strong understanding of the principles of math and problem-solving.

They also have a high level of experience in the use of computer programs and are familiar with design software such as AutoCAD. This is important because most transport engineers are expected to complete the final design of an engineering project in a timely manner.

The most common duties of a transportation engineer include researching and developing new construction projects, designing and constructing roads, airports, port terminals and mass transport systems, and maintaining these facilities. They are also responsible for updating existing transportation facilities and ensuring that they are up to date with current technology.

Modern transportation engineers are interested in incorporating new technologies into their work, such as self-driving vehicles or wirelessly connected smart cities. These technologies can increase mobility, decrease emissions and enhance the overall livability of a community.

A bachelor’s degree in civil engineering is required to become a transportation engineer. A master’s or doctorate degree is also necessary for advanced positions.

Graduate students in transportation engineering focus on acquiring advanced knowledge about planning, designing, operating, maintaining and evaluating transportation systems. They also have an opportunity to explore transportation-related research projects and internships with professional and academic faculty.

Students in the program develop quantitative methods and computer models to address major urban and regional transportation problems. They also pursue focused studies in highway capacity, travel demand forecasting, traffic operation and control, transit systems, and intelligent transportation systems.


Whether it’s drinking water, energy infrastructure or the transportation system that connects us to our communities, civil engineers work on a wide range of projects to improve the built environment. They innovate solutions to protect natural resources, provide communities with efficient transportation networks, construct safe buildings, dams and bridges, and more.

With aging infrastructure and threats from climate change, the demand for talented engineers will only grow. Fortunately, civil engineering is a promising and stable profession that offers numerous opportunities for career growth and development.

To succeed in this field, you’ll need a strong foundation in the fundamentals of math and science and a deep understanding of the primary areas of civil engineering (structural, geotechnical, environmental, and transportation). You’ll also develop technical expertise by taking courses in advanced engineering topics such as materials, structural design, geophysics, hydrology, and transportation systems.

In addition, you’ll be taught to think about how the systems you design influence the environment and society. This will help you to design systems that minimize pollution, and ensure the sustainability of future generations.

You’ll also learn how to apply these principles through the project design process, which includes securing public understanding and acceptance of your design by engaging stakeholders in meaningful conversations. It’s crucial that you take these concepts seriously and demonstrate your commitment to achieving a truly sustainable project.

As a civil engineer, you’ll work to develop systems that maximize the use of renewable energy while minimizing emissions and other negative effects. These systems will help you meet our nation’s growing energy demands while also reducing our carbon footprint, which is vital to our environment.